Grading is a necessary evil. As with other evil things, if you can’t avoid grading entirely, it’s best not to do it much.
The other potentially evil aspect of grading—and one to which we writing teachers are prone—is saying too much.
We tend to want to say something about every error we see, and all too often we see nothing but errors.
Control your negativity.
A far better approach is to strictly limit our comments.
I recommend you limit error identification to:
- a short list of serious errors (I use the Connors and Lunsford list of 20 items), and
- further restrict error-spotting on an individual’s paper to that person’s Individual Mastery Plan items, and
- stop flagging errors when you’ve found enough to cap that person’s grade.
If I say four instances of any errors from a person’s IMP are too many for a student to get a grade higher than a C on that particular paper, there’s no value in continuing to flag after the first four. Marking 37 errors rather than four will only discourage a student, and it won’t add a penny to my paycheck.
Stress positive behaviors.
I also recommend you confine yourself to writing no more than two comments on other aspects of writing:
- one comment on something the student did well or did right;
- one comment about something other than IMP issues that would boost the student’s grade.
If need be, you can praise students for such things as turning in work on time or persevering when it doesn’t look like hard work is paying off. Such acts are really important: We notice if students don’t do them, so why not notice that they do?
When possible, suggest something a student can do to boost a grade within a relatively short period of time. Following directions, for example, will probably pay off on the next assignment. Using linking devices will probably not produce improvement until the student has done it deliberately a few times.
Don’t scare students.
Please, don’t write, “See me.”
If something in a student’s paper totally bewilders you, I suggest you talk to the student about it rather than writing a comment.
You might try asking the student if she/he has a couple of minutes after class to explain something you weren’t sure you understood. Students are normally happy to explain things that their teachers don’t understand.
When you ask a question face-to-face, you position yourself as a reader rather than as a grader. A two-minute conversation can do wonders for students’ mental image of themselves as writers whose ideas matter.
And that’s something grades don’t do well.