In rural communities, schools cannot be considered separate from economic development and community development. The vitality and policies of any one of the three impacts the other two.
Over the last eight years, the relationships of schools with their communities has been a recurring theme in my blogging. While I was digging out some of my writing on the topic for #RuralEdChat on Twitter, I decided I ought to post a list of resources that others might find helpful. I began with my own writing, but I am starting to add resources from other individuals and organizations, adding annotations to draw attention to an unusual insight or feature.
What’s happening in rural America?
The changing face of rural schools The number of students in rural schools in America is growing, becoming more diverse, and a significant number of those students are poor.
The rural brain brain Patrick J. Carr and Maria J. Kefalas study of rural America showed a hollowing out: a loss of its most talented young people at the same time the rural economy has been transformed for those who stay.
Will new blood cure rural brain drain? The net migration rates suggest not enough people are immigrating to rural areas to offset the losses caused by young people moving away for college and jobs.
Who is to blame for rural brain drain?
Schools are complicit in rural brain drain Researchers found rural schools and their communities groom their brightest students for jobs and lifestyles not available locally, while giving almost no support to students who remain in the local area.
How could rural schools aid in community development?
Communities as school revenue streams Thinking of school as “a self-sustaining revenue facility” is a way to address school budgetary problems as well as wider community problems around medical care, food access, and community programming.
How could rural schools aid in economic development?
Beating the brain drain Changes to the education system can help alleviate the rural brain drain in small-town America, experts say.
Could schools grow a local economy? Greenville (NY) High School created what is, in effect, a small business incubator within its facility, giving a business rent in exchange for hands-on work experience for its high school students.
Entrepreneurship as rural economic key Creating their own jobs is a way for rural students to remain in rural communities. The Internet makes it possible for them to get advanced training, often for little or no cost.
Add skill applications to high school courses When teachers insert the question, “What you can do with this skill?” in coursework across the curriculum, they encourage students to graduate high school with entrepreneurial mindsets.
Teens see challenges, build solutions, even make money Examples of teens who have looked around them and found problems they wanted to solve.
How can rural schools and communities collaborate?
The challenge of providing challenges to adolescents Schools, businesses, and communities need to give teens opportunities to work alongside adults, to contribute to their communities, and to develop and apply real skills.
Integrating life with school for adult high schoolers Adding non-academic services helps dropouts get on track to diplomas and jobs.
Expand learning at shrinking playground Let’s require students to apply classroom knowledge to real world writing situations and offer hands-on learning of salable skills. [corrected link 2017-01-26]
This school grows its future teachers A two-course program allows students considering a teaching career to find out what being a teacher entails. The program not only develops teachers, but helps prepare future school board members and business leaders knowledgeable about how to support schools.
Teen after school programs that do more than distract Communities have initiated a variety of programs modeled after adult continuing education courses, apprenticeships, internships, and businesses to give their young people opportunities to do work that’s valuable in their home communities while developing skills and a work ethic.
Helping teens get ready for work Many first jobs aren’t fun. Students need to be taught how to adjust their attitudes and their jobs to make them opportunities to find challenge, enjoyment, concentration, and deep involvement.
What about the “no college for me” kids?
Support for Rural Vo-Tech Kids Articulation agreements may handicap the career and technical education students’ chances of success as compared to the chances of their academically oriented peers.
Ideas for businesses that require no college Six ideas for businesses serving the business market that require no post-high school training.
Skill acquisition without schooling The internet allows someone with determination to learn skills for a good-paying job without the expenses of a college degree.
Building narratives and community from school outward Place-based, scholarly research by rural students can have direct, positive impact on local economic development.
Who is working on the three-pronged rural problem?
Rural schools as community centers A grassroots movement in Canada that opposes rural school closures and consolidations is attempting to convince the government that in a rural landscape, education cannot be regarded as separate from health, economic development, or tourism.
The Rural School and Community Trust has compiled Tools to fight rural school consolidation.
The Center for Rural Affairs (cfra.org) developed a series of articles on why rural schools need to be kept alive. The articles are available as a 6-page pdf document.
The Orton Family Foundation empowers people to shape the future of their communities by collective, collaborative activities focusing on their unique strengths.