Some kinds of knowledge are acquired only by trial and error. For example, students need to see a direct cause- and-effect relationship between a particular writing choice and the its result before they understand the need for planning before they write.
If students discover they messed up only after they get their grade, writing teachers need to get students to see where in the writing process where a different choice could have produced a different outcome. Focus their attention by asking, “Where’s the first place you could have made a change that would have changed how this outcome?”
The biggest messes are caused by not having a clear working thesis. The working thesis should be the first sentence students write; it’s the main idea that directs everything they do. Students may recall that as a fact they’ve filed under “dumb stuff my teacher says,” but until need experience of attempting to write without a working thesis before they realize effort they put into initial planning pays big dividends later.
Allow students correct as best they can before deadline any goofs they discover before they’ve submitted a final draft . Refusing to let students modify a topic or outline after they discover it won’t work is just plain dumb.
Giving students extra time to correct a first-part-of-writing-process error they discover at the last minute is dumb, too. The whole point of planning is to develop the ability to figure out how to produce desired outcomes without trying all the available options.
Deadlines are marvelous for concentrating attention.
I learned that by trial and error.
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